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The association between variance in working memory capacity and foreign language receptive and productive lexical knowledge

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dc.contributor.author Almi, Yahia
dc.contributor.author Ouskourt, Mohammed
dc.date.accessioned 2022-05-23T10:22:28Z
dc.date.available 2022-05-23T10:22:28Z
dc.date.issued 2018-10-30
dc.identifier.uri http://depot.umc.edu.dz/handle/123456789/2616
dc.description.abstract Acquiring a satisfactory level of vocabulary knowledge is a prerequisite for mastering any language. It is a complex and continuous process that recruits several cognitive faculties, particularly memory mechanisms. The working memory is a memory concept that plays a vital role in the processing, manipulation and retrieval of information. The present study sets out to examine the association between the working memory capacity and vocabulary comprehension and use among students of English as a Foreign Language based on the frequency levels of words’ occurrence in the language. To achieve such a purpose, four widely used tests were administered: two vocabulary tests and two working memory capacity tests; the tests were taken by a randomly chosen sample of (40) Master One students of English as a Foreign Language enrolled at the Department of Letters and English—University of Frères Mentouri Constantine 1. The scores obtained from the vocabulary test, the Vocabulary Size Test, that assesses the subjects’ abilities to recognize and comprehend words—receptive lexical knowledge—were compared with their scores in the working memory capacity test, the Reading Span Test, that measures their abilities to comprehend and recall words. Similarly, the scores obtained from the vocabulary test, the Productive Vocabulary Levels Test, that assesses their abilities to use words—productive lexical knowledge—were compared with the scores they obtained in a working memory capacity tests, the Speaking Span Test, measuring their abilities to retain and reproduce words in sentences. Moreover, two questionnaires were delivered to teachers and students to determine their level of awareness and perceptions of the implications of cognitive and psychological abilities in language learning, with heavier focus on the link between vocabulary and memory. A high correlation (r1= .59) was found between the working memory capacity to recognize words and receptive lexical knowledge. In parallel, a high correlation (r2= .73) was achieved between the students’ working memory capacity to retain and reproduce words and productive lexical knowledge. The questionnaires revealed a high level of awareness among both teachers and students of the significant role of various cognitive and psychological processes in vocabulary building. Furthermore, the working memory functioning was found to be highly implicated in vocabulary comprehension and use.
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Université Frères Mentouri - Constantine 1
dc.subject connaissance lexicale receptive
dc.subject connaissance lexicale productive
dc.subject frequence des mots
dc.subject la capacité de mémoire de travail
dc.subject Receptive vocabulary knowledge
dc.subject productive vocabulary knowledge
dc.subject word frequency
dc.subject Working Memory capacity
dc.subject المعرفة المعجمية الكامنة
dc.subject المعرفة المعجمية المستعملة
dc.subject مستوى تردد الكلمات في اللغة
dc.subject قدرة الذاكرة العاملة
dc.title The association between variance in working memory capacity and foreign language receptive and productive lexical knowledge
dc.title The case study of Master one students of English as a foreign language— University of Frères Mentouri Constantine 1
dc.type Thesis


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